Newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy may be irritable and fussy and may suddenly cry. They may also have difficulty feeding. The babys body tone may be either too stiff or too limp and floppy.
How do I know if my baby has HIE?
What are the Symptoms of HIE During and Shortly After Birth?Premature birth.Organ damage or failure.Very acidic umbilical cord blood (also known as acidemia)Seizures.Comatose state.Unusually responses to light or lack thereof.Feeding problems.Extreme lethargy. •Nov 18, 2020
Can a baby fully recover from HIE?
While some babies with HIE recover fully and have no long-term problems, others may develop difficulties that need help and support from healthcare professionals, such as physiotherapists or speech and language therapists.
How do I confirm my HIE?
To confirm a diagnosis of HIE, a neurologist will examine your baby, who will be monitored by an electroencephalogram for seizures and signs of brain dysfunction and undergo neuroimaging tests, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to check for signs of brain injury.
Who is at risk for HIE?
Multiples pregnancy: Women pregnant with twins and other multiples are at increased risk of complications that can lead to HIE. These include (among others), premature birth, umbilical cord problems, preeclampsia, and gestational diabetes (8).
What can HIE lead to?
While infants with mild HIE exhibit little to no long-term disabilities, infant who have suffered moderate to severe HIE may die in the newborn period or have medical conditions including Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation, feeding difficulties, learning disabilities, visual or hearing impairment and seizures.
Is HIE a disability?
It is also known as intrapartum asphyxia. This kind of oxygen deprivation occurs during labor and delivery. HIE can lead to brain damage, and often to a disability like cerebral palsy. The degree of disability varies by individual and is highly dependent on how long the baby was lacking oxygen.
What is considered mild HIE?
Mild HIE: Less than 5% of these infants will have a severe handicap. Moderate HIE: 25% to 75% of these infants will have a severe handicap or potentially die early in life. Severe HIE: 75% or more of these infants will have a severe handicap or potentially die early in life.
What is mild HIE?
Mild HIE may be characterized by poor feeding, excessive crying, irritability, or slightly increased muscle tone in the infant. More moderate HIE may cause lethargy, significantly low muscle tone, slow or absent reflexes, and even seizures.
How common is HIE in newborns?
How common is HIE? Regarding full-term infants, HIE occurs in approximately 3-20 per 1000 live births. In the preterm infant, HIE occurs in up to 60% of live births.
Can HIE cause microcephaly?
Acquired microcephaly: Acquired microcephaly occurs when the brain is damaged by an injury like HIE or birth asphyxia. In cases of acquired microcephaly, the head is often a normal size at birth, but as the baby grows, the head and brain begin to appear smaller than is expected.
Does HIE go away?
Once there is permanent brain damage, there is no cure for HIE . However, there are many treatments and therapies that can improve symptoms and function in children with HIE.
Is HIE fatal?
Unfortunately, many babies will not survive these injuries and HIE often proves fatal. Those who survive but suffer a permanent brain injury may be diagnosed with cerebral palsy.
Can HIE cause autism?
Children who suffer from HIE and survive may develop cerebral palsy, blindness, deafness, epilepsy, developmental delay and/or autism spectrum disorder.
Does HIE cause cerebral palsy?
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) can cause cerebral palsy (CP), though the two do not always appear together. Brain damage from HIE can manifest in several different ways, including cognitive impairments, vision and hearing issues, and motor difficulties.
How common is acquired microcephaly?
What is microcephaly? Microcephaly is a condition in which a babys head is smaller than average for an infants size and age. The baby is either born with a smaller head (congenital), or the condition develops as the baby gets older (acquired). Microcephaly is rare, occurring in 2-12 babies per 10,000 births.
How does microcephaly affect a child?
Microcephaly has been linked with the following problems: Seizures. Developmental delay, such as problems with speech or other developmental milestones (like sitting, standing, and walking) Intellectual disability (decreased ability to learn and function in daily life)