It was during the Trần dynasty (家陳) in the 13th-14th centuries that the script was systematized and started to be used in literature.
When did Chu Nom stop being used?
It was used almost exclusively by the elite, mostly for literature while formal writing was done in classical Chinese. Nôm was replaced by quốc ngữ (alphabetical Vietnamese) beginning in the 1920s and is now almost entirely obsolete.
Do Vietnamese still use Chu Nom?
Chữ Nôm ( 𡨸喃, IPA: [cɨ̌ˀ nom], literally Southern characters) is a logographic writing system formerly used to write the Vietnamese language. While Chinese characters are still used for decorative, historic and ceremonial value, chữ Nôm has fallen out of mainstream use in modern Vietnam.
When was the Vietnamese language created?
17th century Present-day Vietnamese is written with a Latin-based alphabet developed in the 17th century by a French Jesuit missionary Alexandre de Rhodes (1591-1660) who based it on the work of earlier Portuguese missionaries. The script was used mainly for religious texts, but was eventually extended to other types of writing.
Is Vietnamese Old Chinese?
From 111 BC up to the 20th century, Vietnamese literature was written in Traditional Chinese (Vietnamese: cổ văn 古文 or văn ngôn 文言), using Chữ Hán (Chinese characters) and then also Nôm from the 10th century to 20th century (Chinese characters adapted for vernacular Vietnamese).
Vietnamese contains a lot of words adopted from the languages of China as a result of centuries during which Vietnam was part of the Chinese Empire and as a result of trade and cultural ties of the Vietnamese with the Chinese. The region in which Cantonese is spoken was called Viet Bei, meaning the northern Viet.
What does the word nom nom mean?
Nom nom nom is essentially an onomatopoeia for the chewing noise made by the Cookie Monster from Sesame Street. It is a phrase used to indicate hunger, chewing, or pleasure from eating food. An expression of nom, nom, nom is often expressed by children who are eating their favorite foods.
What does NOM mean in food?
NOMS means food. NOM comes from NOMNOM, which refers to the pleasurable eating noises made when eating something tasty.