asthma in American English (ˈæzmə, ˈæs-) noun. Pathology. a paroxysmal, often allergic disorder of respiration, characterized by bronchospasm, wheezing, and difficulty in expiration, often accompanied by coughing and a feeling of constriction in the chest. Also called: bronchial asthma.
Why is it called asthma?
The word asthma originates from the Greek meaning short of breath, meaning that any patient with breathlessness was asthmatic. The term was refined in the latter part of the 19th Century with the publication of a treatise by Henry Hyde Salter entitled On Asthma and its Treatment.
What are the 5 symptoms of asthma?
Asthma attackswheezing, coughing and chest tightness becoming severe and constant.being too breathless to eat, speak or sleep.breathing faster.a fast heartbeat.drowsiness, confusion, exhaustion or dizziness.blue lips or fingers.fainting.
How can I test myself for asthma?
Theres no simple test for asthma. It is diagnosed by your doctor after examination, and taking into account how and when symptoms occur. Tests and investigations that measure the volume and speed of air that you breathe in and out (spirometry) can be useful to confirm whether you have asthma.
How do they test for asthma?
Testing for Asthma The most common lung function test is called spirometry. This lung function test uses a device called, a spirometer, to measure the amount and speed of the air you blow out. This helps your healthcare provider see how well your lungs are working.
How do you feel when you have asthma?
The classic symptoms of asthma include wheezing, coughing, tightness in your chest, and feeling short of breath. But other conditions — like allergies, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), sleep apnea, and post nasal drip — can trigger the same problems.