There is currently no approved vaccine for the prevention of CMV infection. CMV infection is common in young children who have never been exposed to the virus, and is acquired and spread through contact with saliva, breastmilk, mucus and urine.
Is there a cure for cytomegalovirus?
CMV spreads from person to person through body fluids, such as blood, saliva, urine, semen and breast milk. There is no cure, but there are medications that can help treat the symptoms.
Will CMV survive?
The CMV virus survives on different surfaces for different periods of time. For example, it survives at least 15 minutes on hands, longer on plastic and shorter on wood. Studies suggest that it can survive on surfaces long enough for people to pick it up.
What is the drug of choice for cytomegalovirus?
There are currently four antiviral drugs licensed for the treatment of CMV infections: ganciclovir (GCV), valganciclovir (VGCV), foscarnet (FOS), and cidofovir (CDV).
When is cytomegalovirus treated?
Newborns and people who have weakened immunity need treatment when theyre experiencing symptoms of CMV infection. The type of treatment depends on the signs and symptoms and their severity. Antiviral medications are the most common type of treatment. They can slow reproduction of the virus, but cant eliminate it.
How rare is CMV?
Although congenital CMV affects around 1 in 200 babies, many of them will not show any symptoms. Some will have symptoms such as premature birth, low birth weight, hearing or vision problems, and other developmental issues.